Start Steps in validating a new research survey instrument

Steps in validating a new research survey instrument

Intrinsic motivation is not a general variable, but is directed at a specific activity: intrinsic motivation in maths, intrinsic motivation in social studies, intrinsic motivation in playing sport, intrinsic motivation in reading a book, etc.

Even when an instrument is adopted, though, there still might be a few modifications that are necessary.

For example, the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory that measures intrinsic motivation, which can be found here, needs to be slightly modified to reflect the specific situation that the researcher is interested in.

The purpose of the FIT-Choice is to determine the factors that preservice teachers identify as being most influential in their choice of the teaching profession.

The FIT-Choice scale was only slightly modified to fit the Nigerian context.

If you find a pre-existing instrument that will be useful to measure a key variable in your study, there are two ways that the instrument can be used in your study.

The first is to take the instrument nearly verbatim, which is called adopting the instrument.

When this is not possible, the next best option is to adapt an instrument.

However, if there are no other instruments available, then the last option is to develop an instrument.

Whether adopting or adapting an instrument, it is always courteous to email the authors of the instrument to ask permission.

(Their email address can typically be found on either the first page of the research study in a footnote, or at the end of the body of the paper, just before the References.) Simply state your institutional affiliation, the purpose of your study, and ask if it would be acceptable for you to use their instrument in your study.

The authors will rarely deny your request, but it is a polite academic courtesy to let another researcher be aware of how their instrument is being used around the world.